What is the file structure of an ArcGIS Place File?

What is the file structure of an ArcGIS Place File?

Does anybody know format of .dat file to help with bookmark automation?

I agree with @PolyGeo you will need ArcObjects to process the BookMarks. In fact it is not a straight forward just get the extent coordinates as there are 2 types of Bookmarks and you would deal with them differently: AOI and Feature bookmarks.

In fact if anyone can prove me wrong I don't think there is even an Interface that allows you to connect to an ArcGIS Place File (.dat) and read/write directly from it? Nor does it seem you are able to load existing Place Files into a Map Document. I think it's one of those weird situations where there is a dialog exposed by the ArcMap application but there is no way to hook into it.

Opening DB Files

DB files mostly belong to Windows by Microsoft. DB file extension is associated with database files that are encountered in Windows, iOS, and Android smartphones.

  • Main Use: DB stands for the Database file and is commonly found in smartphones. DB files mainly contain contacts and SMS related information but can also store data specific to a certain application on the mobile device. The data in the DB file is generally stored in SQLite database format and is often encrypted thereby denying direct access to the user. DB files on smartphones are not intended to be opened on the user front as they contain information related to the smooth running of a particular application on the device.
  • Other Uses: DB files are also used by Microsoft Windows as cache files that store thumbnail image data of photos and are generally hidden from the user's view. QQ is a Chinese online chatting application that uses DB files to store the contact list or online chat log belonging to a specific user. Skype, an online communication tool, uses the DB file format to save the data consisting of instant messages and audio/video call sent and received by the user.


Changes to Coverage

The Social Security Act stipulated who would be covered by the program, meaning those who would pay into the system while working and then receive benefits in retirement. The types and numbers of workers covered by Social Security have changed over time as more categories of workers have been added to the rolls (see Chart 1). Under the original act, all workers in commerce and industry (excluding railroads) were covered by the program. 5 In 1940, 24 million workers were in covered employment, which was approximately 52 percent of the employed labor force (SSB 1944). Self-employment earnings information was first collected in 1951 when nonfarm self-employed workers (except members of professional groups) were added to the Social Security program. Additional groups of self-employed workers and professionals were added through legislation passed in 1954, 1956, and 1965 (more information appears in the Self-Employment Earnings section).

Changes to the Taxable Maximum

In addition to changing coverage laws, changes to the Social Security program and Social Security-related tax laws have also affected the information contained in the MEF (see Chart 2). Since its inception, there have been increases to the maximum income subject to Social Security payroll taxes, which has resulted in higher earnings amounts being stored in the MEF . The first increase in the taxable maximum, from $3,000 to $3,600, occurred in 1951, and four additional increases occurred through 1971. The 1972 Social Security Amendments provided for annual increases in the taxable maximum, proportional to the increase in the national average wage, beginning in 1975. 7 Since 1978, earnings information has also been collected for workers and earnings not covered by the program and for those with earnings above the taxable maximum (for more information on changes to the earnings data see the Relevant Time Periods section).


Because the Medicare coverage rules are different from those for the OASDI program, the MEF contains information on earnings subject to the Medicare tax but not also to the OASDI tax. Theoretically, this should be the case only for workers with Medicare Qualified Government Employment (MQGE ). 10 This includes federal government employees hired before January 1, 1984, and state and local government employees hired after March 31, 1986, or whose employment after this date is subject to special conditions of the Social Security Act (CFR 2008). 11 The wages paid to those under MQGE are classified in the MEF as HI -taxable earnings. These earnings are used for Medicare purposes and do not qualify the worker for OASDI benefits, as they are not OASDI -taxable.

Self-Employment Earnings

Deferred Compensation

Relevant Time Periods

Amendments to the Social Security Act have not only increased the number and types of workers covered by the program, they have also necessitated changing the types of earnings information that are collected by SSA . Other laws passed by Congress and technological changes have also shaped the MEF data. The development of the MEF can be divided into three significant time periods: 1937&ndash1950, 1951&ndash1977, and 1978 to date (see Chart 3).

1951&ndash1977 . The Social Security Amendments of 1950 changed the benefit calculation to increase monthly benefits payable (Cohen and Myers 1950). The new benefit calculation "put greater reliance on the use of individual yearly earnings totals" starting in 1951 (Cronin 1985). In addition, SSA began converting files to microfilm in the late 1940s and early 1950s and the installation of the first computer in 1956 greatly increased the use of magnetic tape at the agency (Cronin 1985). The final earnings records during this period contained detailed quarterly and summary earnings information on microfilm, including the claim or disability status of the individual (SSA n.d. ). Earnings information for individual workers up to the OASDI taxable maximum continued to be reported quarterly by employers through 1977. 23 If an employee reached the taxable maximum during the year, the employer was not required to report any information on that employee in subsequent quarters. After 1951, if an employee's combined wages from two or more employers exceeds the taxable maximum, the record includes wages exceeding the maximum. 24 However, for 1951 to 1977, only the total annual earnings amount is contained in the MEF in later years, the amounts for each employer are also available. Similarly, earnings from self-employment were added to any employee wages and recorded as a yearly total in the MEF during this period.

Techopedia Explains Flat File

Programmers use flat file databases when creating applications in Oracle and SQL, which support multiple programming languages. Because of their simple structure, flat files consume less space than structured files, but the information in flat files can only be read, stored and sent. Data representation in a flat file database complies with certain standards. Every column in a flat file database is restricted to a specific data type. Delimiters are included in flat files to ensure fixed-width data formatting. These reduce the overhead of locating different fields in a record. The first row in a flat file refers to the field name. This distinct field name makes it easier to identify what data each field deals with. All rows in a flat file database also follow the tuple concept in relational algebra, where a tuple is an ordered list of elements. Data in flat files exist in their original form until they are transferred into a database management system or staging area in a warehouse. Once the transmission is completed, the data is altered and saved in different forms.

Ambulance Fee Schedule

published 5/26/06 (See AFS Regulations and Notices link.)

Section 4531 (b) (2) of the Balanced Budget Act (BBA) of 1997 added a new section 1834 (l) to the Social Security Act which mandated the implementation of a national fee schedule for ambulance services furnished as a benefit under Medicare Part B. The fee schedule is effective for claims with dates of service on or after April 1, 2002, and it applies to all ambulance services, including volunteer, municipal, private, independent, and institutional providers, i.e., hospitals, critical access hospitals (except when it is the only ambulance service within 35 miles), and skilled nursing facilities.

Section 1834 (l) also requires mandatory assignment for all ambulance services. Ambulance providers and suppliers must accept the Medicare allowed charge as payment in full and not bill or collect from the beneficiary any amount other than any unmet Part B deductible and the Part B coinsurance amounts.

A cover sheet is provided with every year's PUF giving detailed information concerning the amounts payable and any special circumstances pertinent for that year's payments.

National Breakout of Geographic Area Definitions by Zip Code

In response to several requests from the ambulance community for a national breakout of the geographic area definitions (rural, urban, and super rural) by zip code, we have prepared a table (see Downloads section below). Please note that it is arranged by State (using each State's two-letter postal abbreviation), and, within each State, all zip codes are listed. There are two sides to the table – the current geographic area breakout on the left and the geographic area breakout under the Proposed Rule, which was published on May 26, 2006 on the right. The Medicare contractor number and the locality are also included. Please note that, in the far right column for each side of the table, R = Rural, Blank = Urban, and B = Super Rural. None of the Super Rural areas has changed. Please search for your State, then zip code within the State, and compare the two sides of the table to determine if your geographic area definition changes under the Proposed Rule discussion.

In the CY 2015 Physician Fee Schedule (PFS) proposed rule (79 FR 40376) CMS proposed to implement the new OMB delineations as described in the February 28, 2013 OMB Bulletin No. 13-01 based on 2010 Census to more accurately identify urban and rural areas for ambulance fee schedule payment purposes. We have prepared tables identifying the zip codes that would be affected by these proposed changes (see Downloads section below).

In the CY 2015 PFS final rule, CMS finalized our proposals to adopt, beginning in CY 2015, the revised OMB delineations as set forth in OMB’s February 28, 2013 bulletin (No. 13-01) and the most recent modifications of the RUCA codes for purposes of payment under the ambulance fee schedule. As we proposed, using the updated RUCA codes definitions, we will continue to designate any census tracts falling at or above RUCA level 4.0 as rural areas. None of the current super rural areas will lose their super rural status upon implementation of the revised OMB delineations and the updated RUCA codes. We have prepared the following tables: ZIP codes by state that changed from urban to rural, ZIP codes by state that changed from rural to urban, list of ZIP codes with RUCA code designations, and a complete list of ZIP codes identifying their designation as super rural, rural or urban. (see Downloads section below).

CY 2015 Final Rule Correction Notice:

In the CY 2015 final rule discussion of the updated ZIP code analysis based on OMB’s revised delineations and updated Rural-Urban Commuting Area (RUCA) codes (see 79 FR 67744 - 67750, November 13, 2014), the percentages and totals of the ZIP codes changing from urban to rural and from rural to urban, the percentages and totals of the ZIP codes not changed, and the referenced state impacts are incorrect due to a technical error in the application of the updated RUCA codes. In addition, the total number of ZIP codes is incorrect. We issued a correction notice on December 31, 2014 (79 FR 78716 - 78719). We have also revised the following tables: ZIP codes by state that changed from urban to rural, ZIP codes by state that changed from rural to urban, and a complete list of ZIP codes identifying their designation as super rural, rural or urban. (see Downloads section below).

For CY 2016 and subsequent CYs, we are proposing to continue implementation of the revised OMB delineations and the most recent modifications of the RUCA codes that we adopted for the CY 2015 ambulance fee schedule. The following tables are available: ZIP codes by state that changed from urban to rural, ZIP codes by state that changed from rural to urban, list of ZIP codes with RUCA code designations and a complete list of ZIP codes identifying their designation as super rural, rural or urban. (see Downloads section below).

For the CY 2016 Final Rule, the following tables are available: ZIP codes by state that changed from urban to rural, ZIP codes by state that changed from rural to urban, list of ZIP codes with RUCA code designations and a complete list of ZIP codes identifying their designation as super rural, rural or urban. (see Downloads section below).

Ambulance Services Center

For a one-stop resource web page focused on the informational needs and interests of Medicare Fee-for-Service (FFS) ambulance suppliers, go to the Ambulance Services Center (see under "Related Links Inside CMS" below).

How do I open a GLB file?

You can open a GLB file within AGI Systems Tool Kit by importing the file via STK's Globe Manager:

  1. In STK, select the Globe Manager icon located within the Globe Manager toolbar.
  2. In Globe Manager, select Earth.
  3. Select Import Globe. If you have already loaded a globe file, a message will appear asking whether you want to replace your current globe. Select Yes .
  4. Navigate to the folder containing your GLB file and select Open .

If you want to open a .xyz file on your computer, you just need to have the appropriate program installed. If the .xyz association isn't set correctly, you may receive the following error message:

Windows can't open this file:

To open this file, Windows needs to know what program you want to use to open it. Windows can go online to look it up automatically, or you can manually select from a list of programs that are installed on your computer.

Peru is the third largest country in South America, after Brazil and Argentina. It is made up of a variety of landscapes, including mountains, deserts, rainforests and beaches. Most people live along the coast of the Pacific Ocean, where the capital, Lima, is located. Peru shares borders with five countries – Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia and Chile.

Along Peru’s west coast is a narrow strip of desert 2,500km long. This region only makes up around 10 percent of the country, but it is home to more than half of the country’s population. The coastal desert was first inhabited thousands of years ago by Ancient people called the Chimú and the Nasca.

Nearly half of Peru is covered by the world’s largest rainforest – the Amazon. As well as thousands of fascinating plant and animal species, this huge jungle is home to hundreds of Amerindian tribes, some of which may never have seen the outside world!

The Andes mountains – the world’s second highest mountain range – run through Peru, from north to south. These beautiful snow capped peaks are popular with tourists who enjoy hiking and trekking. Peru’s tallest mountain is Mount Huascarán, measuring a massive 6,768m tall. Wow!

8 Answers 8

(Improving the solution of Shishir)

You can easily modify the script to allow for other arguments of s3 cp such as --include , --exclude , .

I believe sync is the method you want. Try this instead:

I had faced this error while using either of these commands.

I even thought of mounting the S3 bucket locally and then run rsync, even that failed (or got hung for few hours) as I have thousands of file.

Finally, s3cmd worked like a charm.

This not only does the job well and shows quite a verbose output on the console, but also uploads big files in parts.

The following worked for me:

/this_directory s3://bucketname/this_directory --recursive

AWS will then "make" this_directory and copy all of the local contents into it.

Use the following script for copying folder structure:

I couldn't get s3 sync or s3 cp to work on a 55 GB folder with thousands of files and over 2 dozen subdirectories inside. Trying to sync the whole folder would just cause awscli to fail silently without uploading anything to the bucket.

Ended up doing this to first sync all subdirectories and their contents (folder structure is preserved):

Then I did this to get the 30,000 files in the top level:

Make sure to watch the load on the server (protip you can use w to just show the load) and ctrl-z to suspend the command if load gets too high. ( fg to continue it again).

Putting this here in case it helps anyone in a similar situation.

-maxdepth 1 prevents find from listing contents of sub-directories, since s3 sync handles those successfully.


Filing means keeping documents in a safe place and being able to find them easily and quickly. Documents that are cared for will not easily tear, get lost or dirty.

A filing system is the central record-keeping system for an organisation. It helps you to be organised, systematic, efficient and transparent. It also helps all people who should be able to access information to do so easily.

It is always a pleasure when someone looks for something and is able to find it without difficulties. In our organisations we work in groups. We receive and send out documents on different subjects. We need to keep these documents for future reference. If these documents are not cared for, we cannot account for all our organisational activities. Everyone who needs to use documents should know where to get them.

Important things to know about filing

What do we file?

We file documents that are sent to us by other people or organisations. We also file records of all our organisational activities. These can be letters, memos, reports, financial records, policy documents, etc.

When do we file?

This depends on how busy your office is. In very busy organisations filing is done at least every day and usually first thing in the morning. In a small or less busy office you could file once or twice a week.

Equipment used for filing

Filing Cabinet - It is used to keep flat files and suspension or hanging files
Steel Cabinet - It is used to keep big files that need to be locked up
Date Stamp - It is used to date stamp documents that are received on daily basis so that they are filed in chronological order and so we have a record of when we received the document
Register - It is used to record files taken out and files returned
Filing shelves - It is used to file box files
Box file - This is a big file that is used to keep big documents that cannot go into a filing cabinet. They are kept in shelves.

What files are used and how are they used?

Clip folders - they are used for documents that need to be taken out very often they hold documents tightly so that they do not fall out.
Folders - paper or cardboard folders are used to keep loose documents together. The folders are placed inside suspension or box files.
Suspension file -the suspension files are used to keep documents in filing cabinets. The files are put into the drawers upright. The suspension files hangs down from the cradle. These files always remain in the cabinets but folders inside them can be taken out.
Box files - they are used to keep big documents including magazines and books.
Lever arch files -documents are kept firm in these files and allow one to look at documents without taking them out of the file.

Methods of filing

  • Filing by Subject/Category
  • Filing in Alphabetical order
  • Filing by Numbers/Numerical order
  • Filing by Places/Geographical order
  • Filing by Dates/Chronological order

How to set up a filing system

Filing Categories

  • Fundraising correspondence
  • Correspondence with other organisations
  • Correspondence with members
  • Correspondence with members of the public
  • Correspondence with Board
    …and so on.

How to form categories

1. Sort all your documents out into piles that you think belong together.
2. Give each pile a category name.
3. Make a list of categories.
4. Look at your list critically: Ask yourself: Can we combine any categories?. Should we break up a category into two categories? What sub-categories do we need? Do we need to have alphabetical files within a category?

Make sure you don't have too many categories. It should not be difficult for anyone to decide in which category they are likely to find the information they need.

Filing key

Once you have decided on your categories, you will have to draw up a filing index so that everyone can understand the system you used and find the information they want. This index is called a filing key.

Write up a filing key by listing all the categories and sub-categories in the order they are filed in. Make sure it is laid out so that everyone can understand it. Put it on the filing cabinet and also put a key for each drawer on the front of the drawers. Give everyone a copy of the whole filing key.
Make sure that everyone who does filing understands the key and uses it for filing.

New files

Don't create new files unless you are absolutely sure the information does not logically fit into an existing file. Put the new file in the correct category and write it in the filing key immediately. Give everyone a copy of the new categories as soon as possible.

Filing Correspondence

All letters must be filed in 2 places

Incoming mail

1. The original letter together with a copy of your answer goes into the SUBJECT FILE.
2. A second copy of the letter goes into the CORRESPONDENCE IN file.

Outgoing mail

1. One copy of the letter goes into the SUBJECT FILE. Any letters in answer to your letter must go into this file and all future correspondence about the subject.
2. One copy goes into the CORRESPONDENCE OUT file.

Filing Rules

There are two basic rules underlying filing:

ALPHABETICAL FILING - filing according to the letter of the alphabet
DATE FILING - most recent files on top

These rules are basic because they apply to all filing systems. When we file by name, subject and area we should always file alphabetically and by date.

Alphabetical filing rules

Rule 1: File by name in terms of the first letter
Example: African Eagle
Duncan & Co

Rule 2: If the first letters are the same, file in terms of the second letter.
Example: Clarence

Rule 3: File in terms of surnames
Example: Donkor, SJ
Nkomo PS
Shongwe RO
Yesufu ED

Rule 4: If surnames are the same, file in terms of the initial
Example: Cato, JS
Cato, JU
Cato, RS
Cato, TM

Rule 5: Some surnames have prefixes and are filed in terms of the first letter of the prefix
Example: de Gruchy, JR
de la Rey, OP
van der Linden, MN
van Rensburg, MJ

Rule 6: When there are two surnames, file under the first surname.
Example: Mokoena & Khumalo
Nxumalo & Abrahams
Saloojee & Cassim
Verachi & Ntuli

Rule 7: Mac Mc & M' all files as Mac St and Saint all filed as Saint
Example: MacDonald
Saint Christopher's
St Margaret's

Rule 8: When the file does not have the name of a person we file by the MOST IMPORTANT WORD in the name or by the name of the PLACE
Example: Active Wheel Co
The Star
The City of Johannesburg
Northcliff Printers

Taking files out - [Use the filing key]

  • Who borrowed the file or document
  • Name of the file or document
  • When they borrowed it
  • When they returned it
Ms Modise Reports file 10-02-2001 12-02-2001
Mr NgwenyaFinance file23-01-2001
  • Who borrowed the file or document
  • Name of the file or document
  • When they borrowed it
  • When they returned it
  • All letters are filed under correspondence
  • All membership cards are filed under number
  • Reports are filed by subject

Filing procedure, maintenance and safety

  • Keep documents that are waiting to be filed in trays, do not leave them lying about on desks or shelves.
  • File documents away at least once a day, or if your organisation is very small you can do it once a week.
  • Do not put too much in files or folders
  • Put new covers on old files which get a lot of use and have become worn or torn.
  • Box files and lever arch files can hold more than simple folders.
  • Never allow filing drawers or shelves to become too full. Acquire new filing cabinets when necessary.
  • File all the documents you can
  • Put away those you cannot file in filing trays
  • Lock up all confidential documents
  • Place all waste paper in rubbish bins
  • Leave desks tidy



1.A.1 Director
1.A.2 Bookkeeper
1.A.3 Training officers
1.A.4 Administrative officers
1.A.5 Programme Co-ordinators

1.B.1 Rental, Postal Box, Telephones, Faxes, etc.
1.B.2 Internal organisational forms
1.B.3 Mailing list
1.B.4 Constitution, Articles of Association, legal documentation, etc.
1.B.5 Office Equipment inventory, service and maintenance agreements, etc.
1.B.6 Miscellaneous

1.C.1 Director's Reports
1.C.2 Minutes and Reports
1.C.3 Finance Committee

1.D.1 Annual Planning Meetings
1.D.2 Issues in Planning
1.D.3 Targets
1.D.4 Evaluations

2.A.1 Personnel Procedures
2.A.2 Conditions of Employment
2.A.3 Contract of Employment
2.A.4 Induction
2.A.5 Job descriptions
2.A.6 Performance Management System
2.A.7 Leave

2.B.1 Current Employees in alphabetical order (locked in Director's office)
2.B.2 Testimonials
2.B.3 Staff Training
2.B.4 Job applications

3.A Financial Administration

3.A.1 Budget
3.A.2 Salaries
3.A.3 Financial Statements
3.A.4 Petty Cash
3.A.5 Auditor's Statements
3.A.6 Tax
3.A.7 Strategies
3.A.8 Bank
3.A.9 Debtors
3.A.10 Bookkeeping

4.A Fundraising Administration and General

4.A.1 Fundraising Act
4.A.2 Fundraising Planning and Proposals sent
4.A.3 Fundraising Systems
4.A.4 Fundraising Trips and Campaigns

4.B.1 List of Agencies
4.B.2 General file for local foundations
4.B.3 SA Business in General
4.B.4 USA Funding Contacts

4.C.1 DMMA Foundation
4.C.2. SOCTA
4.C.3. ZDA

5.A.1 Reports - Training department
5.A.2 Community Workshop outlines and materials
5.A.3 Training Contracts
5.A.4 Membership Skills Training
5.A.5 Office skills training
5.A.6 Correspondence (separate files for each client)

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